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Evolutionary patterns and processes: lessons from ancient DNA

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Michela Leonardi, Pablo Librado Sanz, Clio Der Sarkissian, Mikkel Schubert, Ahmed H. Alfarhan, Saleh A. Alquraishi, Khaled A. S. Al-Rasheid, Cristina Gamba, Eske Willerslev, Ludovic Antoine Alexandre Orlando

Ever since its emergence in 1984, the field of ancient DNA has struggled to overcome the challenges related to the decay of DNA molecules in the fossil record. With the recent development of high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies and molecular techniques tailored to ultra-damaged templates, it has now come of age, merging together approaches in phylogenomics, population genomics, epigenomics, and metagenomics. Leveraging on complete temporal sample series, ancient DNA provides direct access to the most important dimension in evolution-time, allowing a wealth of fundamental evolutionary processes to be addressed at unprecedented resolution. This review taps into the most recent findings in ancient DNA research to present analyses of ancient genomic and metagenomic data. [Ancient DNA; metagenomics; palaeogenomics; population genomics; temporal sampling.].

Original languageEnglish
Article numbersyw059
JournalSystematic Biology
Volume66
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)e1-e29
Number of pages29
ISSN1063-5157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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